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Facts About Romania | Romania Facts Info Stuff

Here are some interesting facts about Romania - Category: Introduction - Background: The principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia - for centuries under the suzerainty of the Turkish Ottoman Empire - secured their autonomy in 1856; they united in 1859 and a few years later adopted the new name of Romania. The country gained recognition of its independence in 1878. It joined the Allied Powers in World War I and acquired new territories - most notably Transylvania - following the conflict. In 1940, Romania allied with the Axis powers and participated in the 1941 German invasion of the USSR. Three years later, overrun by the Soviets, Romania signed an armistice. The post-war Soviet occupation led to the formation of a Communist "people's republic" in 1947 and the abdication of the king. The decades-long rule of dictator Nicolae CEAUSESCU, who took power in 1965, and his Securitate police state became increasingly oppressive and draconian through the 1980s. CEAUSESCU was overthrown and executed in late 1989. Former Communists dominated the government until 1996 when they were swept from power. Romania joined NATO in 2004 and the EU in 2007.

Category: Government - Independence: 9 May 1877 (independence proclaimed from the Ottoman Empire; independence recognized 13 July 1878 by the Treaty of Berlin); 26 March 1881 (kingdom proclaimed); 30 December 1947 (republic proclaimed)

Category: People - Age structure (%): 0-14 years: 15.6% (male 1,778,864/female 1,687,659); 15-64 years: 69.7% (male 7,718,125/female 7,791,102); 65 years and over: 14.7% (male 1,337,915/female 1,933,197) (2008 estimate)

Category: Economy - Current account balance: -.03 billion (2008 estimate)

Category: Geography - Irrigated land (sq km): 30,770 sq km (2003)

Category: Transportation - Roadways (km): total: 198,817 km; paved: 60,043 km (includes 228 km of expressways); unpaved: 138,774 km (2004)

Category: Communications - Telephones - mobile cellular: 22.875 million (2007)

Category: Military - Military branches: Land Forces, Naval Forces, Romanian Air Force (Fortele Aeriene Romane, FAR), Special Operations (2009)

Category: Transnational Issues - Disputes - international: the ICJ gave Ukraine until December 2006 to reply, and Romania until June 2007 to issue a rejoinder, in their dispute submitted in 2004 over Ukrainian-administered Zmiyinyy/Serpilor (Snake) Island and Black Sea maritime boundary delimitation; Romania also opposes Ukraine's reopening of a navigation canal from the Danube border through Ukraine to the Black Sea

Other random facts about Romania 

  1. Economy - Exports - commodities (%): machinery and equipment, textiles and footwear, metals and metal products, machinery and equipment, minerals and fuels, chemicals, agricultural products

  2. People - Total fertility rate (children born/woman): 1.38 children born/woman (2008 estimate)

  3. Government - National holiday: Unification Day (of Romania and Transylvania), 1 December (1918)

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Source: CIA - The World Factbook